Omaha Decorative Gloves
Umonhon Historical Timeline:
1905 Peyote worship introduced to Umonhon
1900's-1950's Horsehead Lodge (more traditional spiritual practices)
1906 Land grab in Thurston County (sale of 50,000 "surplus" acres establishes both Walthill and Rosalie)
1911 The Omaha Tribe written by Alice C. Fletcher and Umonhon Francis LaFlesche, son of Inshta Monze, first Native anthropologist of either sex, 27th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology published
1913-1940's Presbyterian Hospital, renamed in 1915 for Dr. "Sue" after her death
1914 Last meeting of Shell Society
1930 Margaret Mead, on assignment for the New Yorker magazine briefly visits the Umonhon
1932 Margaret Mead publishes "The Changing Culture of an Indian Tribe" based upon her visit.
1934 Indian Reorganization Act. Tribal Constitution passed, establishing modern "Council of Seven"
1936 Winnebago IHS Hospital built as joint venture with the Umonhon
cir. 1950 Indian Claims Commission suit filed by Umonhon
1953-1971 No High School in Macy
1961 Last time language was officially used by Tribal Council
1961 1880's Tribal Enrollment List updated
1962 Tribe awarded $2.4 million as Indian Claims Settlement
1960's-1970's Omaha tribal member, Leonard Springer, National President, Native American Church
1967-1991 Blackbird Bend legal fight over Iowa lands in a boundary problem created by the Army Corps of Engineers "straightening" the Missouri River.
1970 Retrocession, return of judicial authority
1971 Macy Public School built
1973 Macy Industries (now Youth and Family Services) established
1973 American Indian Satellite College started, an affiliate of Northeast Community College in Norfolk, NE, as intra-tribal venture between Winnebago, Santee Sioux and Umonhon
1978 Carl T. Health Center built at Macy, first health facility under self determination act
1978 AISC becomes Nebraska Indian Community College, NICC
1980's Omaha tribal member, Elmer Blackbird, National President, Native American Church
1989 Umonhon Bingo Hall built
1989 Sacred Pole and other artifacts returned to Umonhon
1992 White Buffalo Hide and Pipes returned to Umonhon. CasinOmaha (Umonhon) built
1993 Thurston County/Walthill Village/School lawsuit filed (split decision, 1995)
1994 Hospital Split with the Winnebago
1996 NICC Split with the Winnebago
1997 Macy School renamed "Umonhon Nation Public School”. Council of Elders asks for clans to come together (first time in 100 winters)
1998 Youth Center built
1999 Umonhon Nation Public School retraces historic 1876 Buffalo Hunt.
2002 Plans for the New Moon Moving Interpretive Center/Museum presented publicly. "Wau in the Window" mural created, Highway 75 above Highway 94 intersection.
2003 Historic Photos placed in Umonhon Nation Public School
2004 Oil Paintings based upon Historic Photos, placed in Siouxland Medical Institutions, Carl T. Curtis Health Center in Macy and the Umonhon Nation Public School
2004 - 2005 Hall of Honor, Historic Photos of Hampton, Umonhon Nation Public School
Omaha Breech Cloth
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