Photograph courtesy OTHRP Archives

John Robinson on his horse, Bunjo
Walthill Nebraska




Omaha Decorative Gloves


Umonhon Historical Timeline:

1900-present day

1905 Peyote worship introduced to Umonhon

1900's-1950's Horsehead Lodge (more traditional spiritual practices)

1906 Land grab in Thurston County (sale of 50,000 "surplus" acres establishes both Walthill and Rosalie)

1911 The Omaha Tribe written by Alice C. Fletcher and Umonhon Francis LaFlesche, son of Inshta Monze, first Native anthropologist of either sex, 27th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology published

1913-1940's Presbyterian Hospital, renamed in 1915 for Dr. "Sue" after her death

1914 Last meeting of Shell Society

1930 Margaret Mead, on assignment for the New Yorker magazine briefly visits the Umonhon

1932 Margaret Mead publishes "The Changing Culture of an Indian Tribe" based upon her visit.

1934 Indian Reorganization Act. Tribal Constitution passed, establishing modern "Council of Seven"

1936 Winnebago IHS Hospital built as joint venture with the Umonhon

cir. 1950 Indian Claims Commission suit filed by Umonhon

1953 Nebraska tribes (including Umonhon) singled out for "termination"
civil, and criminal judicial authority of tribal members handed over to states

1953-1971 No High School in Macy

1961 Last time language was officially used by Tribal Council

1961 1880's Tribal Enrollment List updated

1962 Tribe awarded $2.4 million as Indian Claims Settlement

1960's-1970's  Omaha tribal member, Leonard Springer, National President, Native American Church

1967-1991 Blackbird Bend legal fight over Iowa lands in a boundary problem created by the Army Corps of Engineers "straightening" the Missouri River.

1970 Retrocession, return of judicial authority

1971 Macy Public School built

1973 Macy Industries (now Youth and Family Services) established

1973 American Indian Satellite College started, an affiliate of Northeast Community College in Norfolk, NE, as intra-tribal venture between Winnebago, Santee Sioux and Umonhon

1978 Carl T. Health Center built at Macy, first health facility under self determination act

1978 AISC becomes Nebraska Indian Community College, NICC

1980's Omaha tribal member, Elmer Blackbird, National President, Native American Church

1989 Umonhon Bingo Hall built

1989 Sacred Pole and other artifacts returned to Umonhon

1992 White Buffalo Hide and Pipes returned to Umonhon. CasinOmaha (Umonhon) built

1993 Thurston County/Walthill Village/School lawsuit filed (split decision, 1995)

1994 Hospital Split with the Winnebago

1996 NICC Split with the Winnebago 

1997 Macy School renamed "Umonhon Nation Public School”.  Council of Elders asks for clans to come together (first time in 100 winters)

1998 Youth Center built

1999 Umonhon Nation Public School retraces historic 1876 Buffalo Hunt.

2002 Plans for the New Moon Moving Interpretive Center/Museum presented publicly.  "Wau in the Window" mural created, Highway 75 above Highway 94 intersection.

2003 Historic Photos placed in Umonhon Nation Public School

2004 Oil Paintings based upon Historic Photos, placed in Siouxland Medical Institutions, Carl T. Curtis Health Center in Macy and the Umonhon Nation Public School

2004 - 2005 Hall of Honor, Historic Photos of Hampton, Umonhon Nation Public School



Omaha Breech Cloth


                      Photograph courtesy OTHRP Archives

Three Omaha nurses in training.


To contact  OTHRP, INC. directly:

RR 1 Box 79A
Walthill, NE 68067

A museum for the people, built by the people to house the artifacts and sacred items taken from the people over a century ago.  Help right a historic wrong by being a part of the return of a culture, make a donation with or without a purchase.  

If you enjoyed our site or use information found on this site in your academic or professional research, please show it by making a donation to our Interpretive Center/Museum project. People helping people makes the world a better place. This site is the work of an all volunteer multi-cultural group of people.  We update it regularly so that it is timely and useful. 

It is constantly expanding as we bring new information and new art pieces to the public.  This is a free service given willingly by people who believe in promoting artisans and in helping the Omaha people built their museum for their artifacts and sacred objects that were finally returned to them in 1991.  We ask that you join us by telling others about the site and to make a donation to the museum.  Every little bit helps.  

All donations are USA tax deductible.



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